Economy, Society, and History

1. The Nature of Man and the Human Condition: Language, Property, and Production

Legal SystemPolitical TheoryPraxeology

09/03/2004Audio/Video
What condition does mankind find itself in? Language, property and production are elements unique to mankind. Humans are social animals. Cooperation is normal. Language permits direct communication. Animals can’t abstract in the way humans can. They can form sounds but not words. Animals...

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2. The Spread of Humans Around the World: The Extension and Intensification of the Division of Labor

Legal SystemPolitical Theory

09/03/2004Audio/Video
Humans across the globe develop the division of labor. Hunter gatherers had limited association with each other. Languages were many and varied. Division of labor was only within their tribes. Agricultural life allowed many more people to live in settlements and capital could be accumulated for the...

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3. Money and Monetary Integration: The Growth of Cities and the Globalization of Trade

The EntrepreneurEntrepreneurshipMonopoly and Competition

09/03/2004Audio/Video
The next element in human development is that of money and the growth of cities and trade. Why is there division of labor and why is there money? Hoppe covers why people do not remain in self-sufficient isolation even when they could and even if everybody hated everybody else. As long as every...

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4. Time Preference, Capital, Technology, and Economic Growth

Money and BanksCapital and Interest TheoryMoney and Banking

09/03/2004Audio/Video
The theory of time preference, capital, technology and economic growth will be viewed through both theoretical and historical elements. People have a preference for satisfaction earlier as compared to satisfaction later. Capital goods allow greater production, but this requires saving now, not...

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5. The Wealth of Nations: Ideology, Religion, Biology, and Environment

Media and CulturePhilosophy and Methodology

09/06/2004Audio/Video
Ideological factors, especially comparative religions, are considered. Until 1500, China was the most developed region on the globe. Confucianism has no promise of an afterlife. There are no miracles for them. They are realistic and rational. Confucius is not a god or prophet. He is revered as a...

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6. The Production of Law and Order: Natural Order, Feudalism, and Federalism

Legal SystemPolitical Theory

09/06/2004Audio/Video
Correlations between IQ and GDP of countries exist. Without the state, what natural order evolves? Details of the theory of private property are given as the means for society to survive. People own themselves and have never doubted that the instruments that they produce are theirs as well. This...

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7. Parasitism and the Origin of the State

Legal SystemPolitical Theory

09/06/2004Audio/Video
Exploitative behavior of the state is studied. Brainwashing was required to build states up. Unlike productive activities via division of labor, parasitic activities like cannibalism, slavery, fraud and robbery did not lead to social cooperation.

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8. From Monarchy to Democracy

Legal SystemPolitical Theory

09/06/2004Audio/Video
The transition from monarchy to democracy deals with how humans create more freedom than is currently had. The role of monarchs in the pre-state societies and their positions as heads of state since the feudal (1100-1500 AD) period and into the absolute monarchies were the more typical form of...

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9. State, War, and Imperialism

War and Foreign PolicyPolitical Theory

09/06/2004Audio/Video
Lack of intelligence, lack of division of labor and violent ideologies are three factors which contribute to states, wars, and imperialism. Fighters in wars were vassals of the Lords, or mercenary groups who could be hired. Fights were frequent but small and they had rules of knightly honor.

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10. Strategy: Secession, Privatization, and the Prospects of Liberty

StrategyAustrian Economics OverviewPolitical Theory

09/06/2004Audio/Video
The institution of the State is not normal or natural. We will pay for making this error. There are not different and unequal laws applying to masters and individuals. Once you accept, incorrectly, unilateral taxation and ultimate jurisdiction in the hands of the state you are stuck.

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